The area of AI that investigates methods of facilitating communication between people and computers is

natural language processing
symbolic processing
decision support
robotics
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
LISP was created by:

John McCarthy
Marvin Minsky
Alan Turing
Allen Newell and Herbert Simon
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Who is considered to be the "father" of artificial intelligence?

Fisher Ada
John McCarthy
Allen Newell
Alan Turning
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The finding of a path start state to a goal state is known as

Search
Classification
Simulation
None of these
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
An AI technique that allows computers to understand associations and relationships between objects and events is called

heuristic processing
cognitive science
relative symbolism
pattern matching
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Let Q(x, y) denote “x + y = 0” and let there be two quantifications given as
(i) $y"x Q(x, y)
(ii) "x$y Q(x, y)
where x & y are real numbers. Then which of the following is valid ?


(i) is true & (ii) is false.
(i) is false & (ii) is true.
(i) is false & (ii) is also false.
both (i) & (ii) are true
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A KES knowledge base contains information in the form of:

associations
actions
free text
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which kind of planning consists of successive representations of different levels of a plan?

hierarchical planning
non-hierarchical planning
project planning
None of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which search may find many solutions.If many solutions exist ,minimal solution can be found

Breadth first search
Depth first search
Best first search
None of these
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following is an advantage of using an expert system development tool?

imposed structure
knowledge engineering assistance
rapid prototyping
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
KEE is a product of:

Teknowledge
IntelliCorpn
Texas Instruments
Tech knowledge
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The common property of functional language and logical programming language

Both are declarative
Both are based on l-calculus
Both are procedural
Both are functional
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In Delta Rule for error minimization

Weights are adjusted w.r.to change in the output
Weights are adjusted w.r.to difference between desired output and actual output
Weights are adjusted w.r.to difference between input and output
None of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which particular generation of computers is associated with artificial intelligence?

Fourth
Third
Fifth
Second
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A series of AI systems developed by Pat Langley to explore the role of heuristics in scientific discovery.

RAMD
BACON
MIT
DU
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Shaping teaching techniques to fit the learning patterns of individual students is the goal of

decision support
automatic programming
intelligent computer-assisted instruction
expert systems
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
DEC advertises that it helped to create  the world  first expert system routinely used in an industrial environment  called XCON or

PDP-11
Rl
VAX
MAGNOM
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The strategy used to reduce the number of tree branches and the number of static evaluations applied in case of a game tree is

Minmax strategy
Alpha-beta pruning strategy
Constraint satisfaction strategy
Static max strategy
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which search algorithm find solutions among all possible ones?

Heuristics
Learning
Optismistic
Blind
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Artificial intelligence is

the embodiment of human intellectual capabilities within a computer.
a set of computer programs that produce output that would be considered to reflect intelligence if it were generated by humans.
the study of mental faculties through the use of mental models implemented on a computer.
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the function (copy-list <list>)

returns a new list that is equal to <list> by copying the top-level element of <list>
returns the length of <list>
returns t if <list> is empty.
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following have computers traditionally done better than people?

storing information
responding flexibly
computing numerically
both (a) and (c)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the addition 3 + 2 is entered as

3 + 2
3 add 2
3 + 2 =
(+ 3 2)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Natural language processing can be divided into the two subfields of

context and expectations
generation and understanding
semantics of pragmatics
recognition and synthesis
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
____________ is the science that attempts to produce machines that display the same type of intelligence that humans do.

Nanoscience
Nanotechnology
Simulation
Artificial intelligence
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
An intelligent robot

Respond to changes in its environment
Follows instruction
Possesses no more intelligent than a dishwasher
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following function returns t if the object is a number in LISP?

(number <object>)
(numberp <object>)
(numericp <object>)
(numeric <object>)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The transform which possesses the highest ‘energy compaction’ property is

Slant transform
Cosine transform
Fourier transform
Karhunen-Loeve transform
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The company that grew out of research at the MIT AI lab is:

AI corp
LMI
Symbolics
both (b) and (c)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The field that investigates the mechanics of human intelligence is

history
cognitive science
psychology
sociology
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, which of the following function assigns the value 10 to the symbol a?

(setq a 10)
(a = b) where b = 10
(a = 10) (d) (setq 10 a)
None of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
ART (Automatic Reasoning Tool) is designed to be used on:

LISP machines
personal computers
microcomputers
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the function (endp <list>)

returns a new list that is equal to <list> by copying the top-level element of <list>
returns the length of <list>
returns t if <list> is empty.
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In which of the following situations might a blind search be acceptable?

real-life situation
complex game
small search space
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A robots arm is also known as its:

end effector
actuator
manipulator
servomechanism
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The primary method that people use to sense their environment is

reading
writing
speaking
speaking
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the function returns t if <object> is a CONS cell and nil otherwise

(cons <object>)
(consp <object>)
(eq <object>)
(cous = <object>)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The first widely-used commercial form of Artificial Intelligence (Al) is being used in many popular products like microwave ovens, automobiles and plug in circuit boards for desktop PCs. It allows machines to handle vague information with a deftness that mimics human intuition. What is the name of this AI?

Boolean logic
Human logic
Fuzzy logic
Functional logic
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
What was originally called the "imitation game" by its creator?

The Turing Test
LISP
The Logic Theorist
Cybernetics
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The original LISP machines produced by both LMI and Symbolics were based on research performed at

CMU
MIT
Stanford University
RAMD
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Elementary linguistic units which are smaller than words are

allophones
phonemes
syllables
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
To invoke the LISP system, you must enter

AI
LISP
CL (Common Lisp)
both b and c
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the function assigns . the value of a to b is

(setq a b)
(setq b a )
(b = a)
(set b = a)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following is being investigated as a means of automating the creation of a knowledge base?

automatic knowledge acquisition
simpler tools
discovery of new concepts
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The symbols used in describing the syntax of a programming language are

0
{ }
< >
" "
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
One definition of AI focuses on problem-solving methods that process:

smell
symbols
touch
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The explanation facility of an expert system may be used to

construct a diagnostic model
expedite the debugging process
explain the system reasoning process
both (b) and (c)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In a rule based system,procedural domain knowledge is in the form of

Production rules
Rule interpreters
Control rules
Meta rules
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The component of an ICAI (Intelligent Computer-Asslsted Instruction) presenting information to the student is the:

student model
problem-solving expertise
tutoring module
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The characteristics of the computer system capable of thinking, reasoning and learning is known is

machine intelligence
human intelligence
artificial intelligence
virtual intelligence
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
 
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