Commutativity Property of Classical set is 

AUB=BUA A^B=B^A
AU(BUC)=(AUB)UC A^(B^C)=(A^B)^C
AU(B^C)=(AUB)^(AUC) A^(BUC)=(A^B)U(A^C)
AUA=A A^A=A
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A problem is first connected to its proposed solution during the _____ stage

conceptualization
identification
formalization
implementation
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
______ refers to the discrepancy among a computed, observed or measured value and the true specified or theoretically correct values.

Fault
Failure
Defect
Error
      _____________________________________________________________________________________

What are the advantages of neural networks over conventional computers?
(i) They have the ability to learn by example
(ii) They are more fault tolerant
(iii)They are more suited for real time operation due to their high computational rates


(i) and (ii) are true
(i) and (iii) are true
all of them are true
None of Above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________

A 4-input neuron has weights 1, 2, 3 and 4. The transfer function is linear with the constant of
proportionality being equal to 2. The inputs are 4, 10, 5 and 20 respectively. The output will be:


238
76
119
all of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Graphic interfaces were first used in a Xerox product called:

InterLISP
Ethernet
Smalltalk
ZetaLISP
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Ranking is a technique used for

deleting undesirable members of the population.
obtaining the selection probabilities for reproduction.
copying the fittest member of each population into the mating pool.
preventing too many similar individuals from surviving to the next generation.
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which approach to speech recognition avoids the problem caused by the variation in speech patterns among different speakers?

Continuous speech recognition
Isolated word recognition
Connected word recognition
Speaker-dependent recognition
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In a rule based system,procedural domain knowledge is in the form of 

Production rules
Rule interpreters
Control rules
Meta rules
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
DEC advertises that it helped to create  the world  first expert system routinely used in an industrial environment  called XCON or

PDP-11
Rl
VAX
MAGNOM
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following algorithms can be used to train a single-layer feedforward network?

Hard competitive learning.
All of the above answers.
A genetic algorithm
Soft competitive learning
      _____________________________________________________________________________________


A
B
C
D
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following is being investigated as a means of automating the creation of a knowledge base?

automatic knowledge acquisition
simpler tools
discovery of new concepts
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The component of an ICAI (Intelligent Computer-Asslsted Instruction) presenting information to the student is the:

student model
problem-solving expertise
tutoring module
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The Blocks World Problem in Artificial Intelligence is normally discussed to explain a _______

Search technique
Planning system
Constraint satisfaction system
Knowledge base system
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A KES knowledge base contains information in the form of:

associations
actions
free text
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The original LISP machines produced by both LMI and Symbolics were based on research performed at

CMU
MIT
Stanford University
RAMD
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the function evaluates <object> and assigns this value to the unevaluated <sconst>.

(constant <sconst> <object>)
(defconstant <sconst> <object>)
(eva <sconst> <object>)
(eva <object> <sconst>)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
An intelligent robot 

Respond to changes in its environment
Follows instruction
Possesses no more intelligent than a dishwasher
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following statements is the best description of reproduction?

Randomly change a small part of some strings.
Randomly generate small initial values for the weights.
Randomly pick new strings to make the next generation.
Randomly combine the genetic information from 2 strings.
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Texas Instruments Incorporated produces a low-cost LISP machine called:

The Computer-Based Consultant
The Explorer
Smalltalk
Smalltalk
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Associativity Property of Classical set is 

AUB=BUA A^B=B^A
AU(BUC)=(AUB)UC A^(B^C)=(A^B)^C
AU(B^C)=(AUB)^(AUC) A^(BUC)=(A^B)U(A^C)
AUA=A A^A=A
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The field that investigates the mechanics of human intelligence is

history
cognitive science
psychology
sociology
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
or speech understanding systems to gain widespread acceptance in office automation, they must feature

speaker independence
speaker dependence
isolated word recognition
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In Fuzzy set the membership function generally in ranges

0-100
100-1000
1-100
0-1
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In Classical sets Difference Operation represented as

AUB={x|xEA or xEB}
A^B={x|xEA and xEB}
~A={x|x!EA and xEX}
A|B={x|xEA and xEB}=A^~B
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following neural networks uses supervised learning?

Simple recurrent network
Self-organizing feature map.
Hopfield network.
All of the above answers
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The hardware features of LISP machines generally include

large memory and a high-speed processor
letter-quality printers and 8-inch disk drives
a mouse and a specialized keyboard
both (a) and (c)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________

A neuron with 4 inputs has the weight vector w = [1, 2, 3, 4]T and a bias _ = 0 (zero). The
activation function is linear, where the constant of proportionality equals 2 — that is, the
activation function is given by f(net) = 2 × net. If the input vector is x = [4, 8, 5, 6]T then the output
of the neuron will be


118.
112
58
11
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In Classical sets Intersection Operation represented as

AUB={x|xEA or xEB}
A^B={x|xEA and xEB}
~A={x|x!EA and xEX}
A|B={x|xEA and xEB}=A^~B
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Elementary linguistic units which are smaller than words are

allophones
phonemes
syllables
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Special programs that assist programmers are called

heuristic processors
symbolic programmers
intelligent programming tools
program recognizers
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A computer vision technique that relies on image templates is

edge detection
binocular vision
model-based vision
robot vision
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
If an artificial variable is present in the basic variable of optimal simplex table then the solution is ______

Alternative solution
Infeasible solution
Unbounded solution
Degenerate solution
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The characteristics of the computer system capable of thinking, reasoning and learning is known is

machine intelligence
human intelligence
artificial intelligence
virtual intelligence
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
LISP was created by:

John McCarthy
Marvin Minsky
Alan Turing
Allen Newell and Herbert Simon
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Input segments of AI programming contain(s)

sound
smell
touch
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following function returns t If the object is a symbol m LISP?

(* <object>)
(symbolp <object>)
(nonnumeric <object>)
(constantp <object>)
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
If a robot can alter its own trajectory in response to external conditions, it is considered to be

intelligent
mobile
open loop
non-servo
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
____________ is the science that attempts to produce machines that display the same type of intelligence that humans do. 

Nanoscience
Nanotechnology
Simulation
Artificial intelligence
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which approach to speech recognition avoids the problem caused by the differences in the way words are pronounced according to context?

continuous speech recognition
connected word recognition
isolated word recognition
speaker-dependent recognition
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Which of the following types of learning can used for training artificial neural networks?

Unsupervised learning.
Reinforcement learning
All of the above answers
None of the above answers.
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
One definition of AI focuses on problem-solving methods that process:

smell
symbols
touch
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Output segments of AI programming contain(s)

printed language and synthesized speech
Manipulation of physical object
Locomotion
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
In LISP, the function (endp <list>)

returns a new list that is equal to <list> by copying the top-level element of <list>
returns the length of <list>
returns t if <list> is empty.
All of the above
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
A series of AI systems developed by Pat Langley to explore the role of heuristics in scientific discovery.

RAMD
BACON
MIT
DU
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The finding of a path start state to a goal state is known as 

Search
Classification
Simulation
None of these
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
The intelligent agents sense through________ and take actions through 

Sensors,actuators
Remote,signals
Both a and b
None of these
      _____________________________________________________________________________________


Depth first search
Best first search
Minimax search
Breadth first search
      _____________________________________________________________________________________
Idem Potency Property of Classical set is 

AUB=BUA A^B=B^A
AU(BUC)=(AUB)UC A^(B^C)=(A^B)^C
AU(B^C)=(AUB)^(AUC) A^(BUC)=(A^B)U(A^C)
AUA=A A^A=A
 
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